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2. Assume a finite population has 350 elements. Use the last three digits of the following five-digit random numbers. Move from left to right to determine the first four elements that will be selected for a simple random sample.
98601 73022 83448 02147 34229 27553 84147 93289 14209
6. The County and City Data Book, published by the Bureau of the Census, lists information on 3139 counties throughout the United States. Assume that a national study will collect data from 30 randomly selected counties. Use four-digit random numbers from the following random numbers,
79945 28364 15702 22782 03263 16281 08243 10493 54935 99337 45525 30825 06543 27191 96927 38712 91807 46453 69828 04332 06714 29457 77669 97355 50289
to identify the numbers corresponding to the first five counties selected for the sample. Ignore the first digits and begin with the four-digit random numbers 9945, 8364, 5702, and so on.
10. Indicate whether the following populations should be considered finite or infinite.
a. All registered voters in the state of California.
b. All television sets that could be produced by the Allentown, Pennsylvania, plant of the TV-M Company.
c. All orders that could be processed by a mail-order firm.
d. All emergency telephone calls that could come into a local police station.
e. All components that Fibercon, Inc., produced on the second shift on May 17.
11. The following data are from a simple random sample.
5 8 10 7 10 14
a. What is the point estimate of the population mean?
b. What is the point estimate of the population standard deviation?
12. A survey question for a sample of 150 individuals yielded 75 Yes responses, 55 No responses, and 20 No Opinions.
a. What is the point estimate of the proportion in the population who respond Yes?
b. What is the point estimate of the proportion in the population who respond No?
22. A population has a mean of 400 and a standard deviation of 50. The probability distribution of the population is unknown.
a. A researcher will use simple random samples of either 10, 20, 30, or 40 items to collect data about the population. With which of these sample-size alternatives will we be able to use a normal probability distribution to describe the sampling distribution of EMBED Equation.3 ? Explain.
b. Show the sampling distribution of EMBED Equation.3 for the instances in which the normal probability distribution is appropriate.
23. A population has a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 16. What is the probability that a sample mean will be within EMBED Equation.3 of the population mean for each of the following sample sizes?
a. EMBED Equation.3 b. EMBED Equation.3 c. EMBED Equation.3 d. EMBED Equation.3 e. What is the advantage of a larger sample size?
27. The College Board American College Testing Program reported a population mean SAT score of EMBED Equation.3 (The New York Times, 1998 Almanac). Assume that the population standard deviation is EMBED Equation.3 .
a. What is the probability that a random sample of 75 students will provide a sample mean SAT score within 10 of the population mean?
b. What is the probability that a random sample of 75 students will provide a sample mean SAT score within 20 of the population mean?
31. Business Week reports that its subscribers who plan to purchase a new vehicle within the next 12 months plan to spend a mean of $27100 on the new vehicle (Business Week, Subscriber Profile, 1996). Assume that the new vehicle price for the population of Business Week subscribers has a mean of EMBED Equation.3 and a standard deviation EMBED Equation.3 ,
a. What is the probability that the sample mean new vehicle price for a sample of 30 subscribers is within $1000 of the population mean.
b. What is the probability that the sample mean new vehicle price for a sample of 50 subscribers is within $1000 of the population mean.
c. What is the probability that the sample mean new vehicle price for a sample of 100 subscribers is within $1000 of the population mean.
d. Would you recommend a sample size of 30, 50, or 100 if it is desired to have at least a 0.9 probability that the sample mean is within $1000 of the population mean?
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